|Duchy of Torrazza
Ducato di Torrazza
Dogado de Torrazia
|Status||Autonomous federal Region of Etruria|
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2016)||88% Italian
|Religion||96% Poveglian Catholic
|Demonym||Torrazan or Etrurian|
|Government||Autonomous Federal Region|
|-||President of the Senate||Alberto Tucci|
|-||Constitution of Etruria adopted||January 1 1921|
|-||Autonomous status||April 10 1921|
|Currency||Etrurian florin (₣)|
|Drives on the||left|
Torrazza or officially the Duchy of Torrazza (Vespasian: Ducato di Torrazza; Torrazzi: Dogado de Torrazza) is a Autonomous Federal Region of Etruria, subordinate to the constituent state of Vespasia. Torrazza has an area of XXXX square kilometres (XXX square miles) and a population of about 3.1 million inhabitants. The capital and largest city is Torrazza.
Torrazza was part of the Vespasic Empire until the 6th century AD. Later, after a feudal period, it was part of the Sublime Duchy of Torrazza until 1754 when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Vespasia. Torrazza ruled for centuries over one of the largest and richest maritime republics and trade empires in the world. After the Battle of Trieve and the annexation of Torrazza, the merchant classes were incorporated into the royal court, enabling the region to retain some independence and cultural uniquenness. The Federal Convention of Torrazza describes Torrazzi as a "people", which remains a controversial point between Torrazza and the federal government, which does not recognise the Torrazzi as an independent people, but rather includes them with Vespasians.
Besides Vespasian, most inhabitants also speak Torrazzi as well as Novalian. The region is home to a notable nationalist movement. The region's largest party is the Łigòn Torrazzi. The current President of Torrazza is Giancarlo Manzato (Etrurian Way), after the party won 60.2% of the popular vote in the general election.
Torrazza is the 6th largest administrative entity in Etruria, with a total area of XXXX km2 (XXXX sq mi). It is located in the eastern part of Etruria and is bordered by Vespasia to the south and west, Novalia to the north and the Sea of Minerva to the east.
By area, 29% of its surface is mountainous or hilly (Minor Aventines and the Six Sisters). The highest massif in the Minor Aventines is the Mantara Point at 3,342 m (10,965 ft). Other Minor Aventine peaks are the Picco della Stella Splendente and the Lancia di Dio. The Six Sisters are not as high and range between 700 m (2,300 ft) and 2,200 m (7,200 ft). A distinctive characteristic of the Six Sisters are the cave formations, including chasms and sink holes and steep valleys and rifts.
The Valentinian Basin, covering 57% of Torrazza, extends from the mountains to the Sea of Minerva, broken only by some low hills: Euganean Hills, Cesarian Hills, Belluci Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory. The plain itself is subdivided into the higher plain (gravel-strewn and not very fertile) and the lower plain (rich in water sources and arable terrain). The lower plain is both a mainstay of agricultural production and the most populated part of the region.
The coasts of the Sea of Minerva are characterised by the Torrazzi Lagoon, a flat terrain with ponds, marshes and islands. The Coria Delta to the east features sandbars and dunes along the coastline. The inland portion contains cultivable land recently reclaimed by a system of canals and dykes and land dredging. Torrazza is renown for its distinctive lack of large wooded areas or forests, due to the gravel-strewn ground of the higher plain and extensive agricultural activities of the lower plain.
Government and politics Edit
The 1921 constitution devolved most legislative and executive competences from the constituent state level to the autonomous level for Torraza. Administratively, the province enjoys a large degree of autonomy in the following sectors: health, education, welfare and transport infrastructure, though some areas do see subordination to the Vespasian state government, in which should legislation compete, the Vespasian state government will overrule it, as will the federal government.
Efforts by Torrazi politicians to have the region recognised and elevated to constituent state status have consistently failed, nationalist politicians of Torrazza have cooperated with politicians from Carvagna to secure the same status for both states.
The Senate of Torrazza has 40 seats and in the 2016 election, it saw the Etrurian Way win 27 seats, the Citizens Alliance win 5 seats, Etrurian Federalist Party win 4 seats and the Łigòn Torrazzi winning the last 4 seats.
Since 2014, Torrazza has been led by Giancarlo Manzato of the Etrurian Way.
Under the rule of the Kingdom of Vespasia, Torrazza's agriculturally based economy suffered, with poor management and greater focus on southern Vespasia for food production, which later led to mass emigration. But, since the 1980s it has seen impressive development, in due part to the "National Re-Development Project" which began in Torrazza. It has been characterised by strong export-oriented entrepreneurship in traditional economic sectors and close social cohesion – eventually turning Torrazza into the fifth richest state in Etruria after Vespasia, Novalia, Carinthia and Carvagna.
As of 2016, the economy of Torrazza is dominated by tourism, agriculture, automobile manufacturing, high-tech industries and steel production, with much of the industrial assets being located around the lagoon, especially within the confines of Vittoria.